Thursday, 30 October 2014

500 Global Best Universities by U.S. News and World Report

 Released on 27 Oct 2014

The inaugural U.S. News Best Global Universities rankings were produced to provide insight into how universities compare globally. As an increasing number of students are planning to enroll in universities outside of their own country, the Best Global Universities rankings – which focus specifically on schools' academic research and reputation overall and not their separate undergraduate or graduate programs – can help those students accurately compare institutions around the world.

Harvard University topped the list and Massachusetts Institute of Technology took the second spot. University of Oxford and University of Cambridge from United Kingdom were ranked at 5th and 6th position respectively while Peking and Tsinghua universities were ranked one and two respectively among the schools from China. In the global standings, Peking was 39th and Tsinghua placed 67th.

The 2015 rankings, released Tuesday, encompass the US-based magazine's top 500 institutions from 49 countries. The rankings also include region-specific lists - the University of Tokyo in Japan topped the Asia list followed by Peking University. US News has been ranking US colleges and universities for 30 years. Other publications have also issued rankings but US News is the most well-known.

Of the 500 schools ranked, the top 10 schools are based in the US and the United Kingdom. The US has a total of 134 schools among the 500. Germany follows with 42, and the United Kingdom with 38. China has 27 schools, Australia and New Zealand have a combined total of 23 and France has 22 schools in the top 500. Canada has 19 schools, Japan has 17 and South Korea has 11. These 10 countries accounted for 67% (333 schools) of the 500 Best Global Universities.

The indicators and their weighs used to rank these Global universities are as follows:

Ranking indicator (Weight)
Global research reputation (12.5%)
Regional research reputation (12.5%)
Publications (12.5%)
Normalized citation impact (10%)
Total citations (10%)
Number of highly cited papers (12.5%)
Percentage of highly cited papers (10%)
International collaboration (10%)
Number of Ph.D.s awarded (5%)
Number of Ph.D.s awarded per academic staff member (5%)

As such, before you decide to study either locally or abroad and make planning to enroll in universities, check out the various world university rankings that can help you accurately compare institutions around the world and make the informed decision to choose the right university.

Of course remember also to weight tuition cost against quality as well as affordability as international study is now very expensive that can makes life miserable if no proper planning is done.

View full report here - Best Global Universities by U.S. News and World Report

Other useful and related articles:

1. International Study is Expensive: Weigh Costs Against Quality
2. A New University Ranking System - Value for Money Approach
3. Top 100 Asia University Rankings by The Times Higher Education
4. Top 50 Universities in Asia for Engineering and Technology 2014
5. Top 50 Universities in Asia for Life Sciences & Medicine 2013
6. Student Loan, borrow or not?

Tuesday, 28 October 2014

Yale's School of Management Expands to China

With center opening, Yale expands footprint to China


Monday, October 27, 2014

University administrators, deans of professional and associate schools and the major donors unveiled Yale’s first physical footprint in China Sunday evening.

The Yale Center Beijing — run by Yale’s School of Management — aims to provide a space for Yale affiliates in Beijing to conduct research and hold conferences, all while promoting the University’s global reach. University President Peter Salovey said the new center fits with SOM’s mission to be the most international American business school.

However, the center occupies just one floor of the 41-story International Finance Center.

“Management is global now,” Salovey said. “Graduates of SOM are going to work all over the world. They are studying how business is conducted in different cultures and different economic systems with a kind of general focus on the whole world as the market.”

Despite the YCB’s primary affiliation with SOM, opening ceremonies for the center — which began last night and will continue through Tuesday — will include discussions on musical creativity, environmental concerns and global health and wellness.

SOM Associate Dean David Bach said the YCB follows Yale’s long history of engagement in China.

“We want [Yale] to take advantage of the Center, so we want to get word out about the space and how it can be used,” Bach said. “We want to entice people to take advantage of it. [The center] will stand and fall with the quality of programs that we can offer there and that is going to depend on faculty in different academic units buying in and supporting it.”

Bach noted the center will have state-of-the-art video technology so that faculty can deliver lectures and engage audiences from Yale’s main campus. However, Bach cautioned that it will be a challenge to attract a broad audience in China — including students, faculty and businessmen — for YCB events.

SOM Dean Edward Snyder said Yale is addressing this challenge by appointing a board, led by the center’s first donor, Neil Shen SOM ’92, to spread the word about the center to local institutions in China. He added that Yale’s name-brand recognition will be helpful in gathering audiences for the center’s events.

YCB Executive Director Carol Li Rafferty and YCB’s Director of Programs Dan Murphy said they have also been working to raise awareness about the new center. Rafferty said her job is most concerned with furthering existing relationships between Yale and Chinese communities, governments and businesses, while Murphy’s is to work on bringing programs based in New Haven to Beijing.

Snyder added that the center’s location in Beijing’s business district is strategic, and he hopes it will facilitate the center’s goal of becoming a hub for the Global Network of Advanced Management, a group of 27 businesses schools worldwide, including SOM, that hold forums and conferences together.

In addition to being a resource for current Yale students and faculty, YCB will also provide a platform for collaboration between American and Chinese thinkers, Vice President for Global and Strategic Initiatives Linda Lorimer said.

“We want to reinforce that we look forward to true dialogue between scholars from Yale and in China, as well as those from [non-governmental organizations], business and government communities,” Lorimer said.

Salovey said there are many ways through which current Yale students and faculty can access the center. Salovey said that any students who find themselves in Beijing, perhaps through semesters abroad or Light Fellowships, would be able to work or study at the center. Likewise, faculty are encouraged to teach programs at the center that might be attractive to business leaders in Asia.

Salovey added that Yale affiliates would be free to use the center’s auditorium, meeting rooms or offices to run programs or convene for discussion.

The center was funded by a $16 million gift from Shen, Brad Huang SOM ’90 and Bob Xu.

SOM Senior Associate Dean for Development and Alumni Relations Joel Getz said that the center’s opening will hopefully spark interest for future fundraising efforts, adding that the center provides an opportunity for donors to give to Yale who might not have wanted to give to the New Haven campus.

“I see this as a way of expanding the giving opportunities for Yale,” Getz said.

Penny Liu SOM ’15 said she tried to expand the number of SOM students involved in the creation of the center through the Greater China Club, a group for SOM students of Chinese backgrounds. Liu added that students outside of the Greater China Club have also expressed interest in the center’s inaugural festivities.

However, Mo Chen SOM ’16 said he was unaware of many opportunities for students to get involved with the center.

Fiona Zhu SOM ’15, who is the co-head of the Greater China Club with Liu, said that the YCB complements her work at SOM because it is impossible to study international economies without considering China’s place as a world power.

“China is such a big economy in the world — there’s no way to ignore it,” Zhu said. “[The YCB] shows that our school is on the frontier of building relationships with Chinese communities and Chinese businesses.”

Zhu added that students working at the center can act as a bridge between American and Chinese cultures and help strengthen Yale’s ties in Beijing.

Bach said multiple events have already been scheduled at the center for the near future. The first program, he said, will be hosted by the School of Public Health and will compare Chinese and American drug regulation systems.

Source - Yale Daily News

Japan Struggles to Keep Up as China Woos International Students

One step beyond: Dartmouth College students visit Kyoto during their annual 10-week Language Study Abroad program, which is affiliated with Kanda University of International Studies in Makuhari, Chiba Prefecture. | JAMES DORSEY

Japan’s efforts to increase the number of international students coming to its shores are being dwarfed by similar initiatives in neighboring China. Lofty goals such as Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s plan to attract 300,000 foreign students by 2020 appear to be struggling to gain traction.

While few, if any, nations can compete with the deluge of financial investment and hordes of students China has fed into the global education system since the early 1980s, the Asian giant’s strategies and ambitious approach can offer pointers to Japan about what more it could be doing to catch up.

While China now hosts 8 percent of the world’s 4.3 million international students, it accounted for less than 2 percent just a decade ago, according to the Institute Of International Education (IIE). During this time, Japan has remained fairly constant with a 3 percent market share. Globally, China has become the third most popular destination for higher education after the United States and United Kingdom, with an international student body that has been growing by 10 percent annually. Meanwhile, Japan has fallen from sixth to eighth place in the rankings, trailing France, Germany, Australia and Canada.

Of course, Japan’s booming economy was once the main draw for international students coming to Japan. Now, China is benefiting from the same phenomenon.

“In the 1980s, when everybody was studying Japanese, it looked like America’s future was going to be tied to Japan’s economy, but now that’s not the case,” says Peggy Blumenthal, senior counselor to the president of the IIE. “America’s future is now tied to the Chinese economy, as will the economies of many other countries.”

At Dartmouth College, for example, an Ivy League school in New Hampshire, while first-year enrollments to study Japanese were slightly higher than those for Chinese in the late 1990s, Chinese enrollments are now two to three times those for Japanese.

So who still comes to study in Japan?

“When the downturn of the Japanese economy sank in, the enrollments were really supported by the anime, manga, J-pop crowd,” explains James Dorsey, chair of the Department of Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and Literatures at Dartmouth, where 65 percent of undergraduates participate in study-abroad programs. “Any student who matriculates at Dartmouth today has grown up playing ‘Pokemon.’ I call them the Pokemon generation.”

The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has pledged to invest $500 million over a 20-year period in its Cool Japan global PR campaign, partly with this demographic in mind. Connie Zhang, a student from Beijing studying business and commerce at Keio University in Tokyo, fits this characterization.

“I was interested in Japanese culture, drama, movies, fashion, food and idols,” she says. Her family, however, wanted her to study in the U.S. because she had been studying compulsory English since primary school.

Some have criticized Japan’s higher-education sector for its narrow international focus, arguing it has undergone an “Asianization” rather than internationalization. Of the 135,000 international students in Japan, 90 percent come from Asia. Chinese represent 60 percent of the total, South Koreans 11 percent, followed by Vietnam with 5 percent and Taiwan with 4 percent, according to the Japan Student Services Organization.

Meanwhile, China has a more diverse international student body. According to the China Scholarship Council, of the 300,000 international students in China, 21 percent hail from South Korea, with 8 percent from the U.S., 6 percent from Japan, 5 percent each from Thailand, Vietnam and Russia, and 4 percent from India. That total is likely to top 500,000 within the next two to three years, believes IIE President Allan E. Goodman.

A commonly cited obstacle to studying in Japan is the predominance of classes conducted in Japanese. Because of language similarities, this is a less intimidating hurdle for students from Northeast Asia.

“Chinese students that have a Chinese-language background tend to have less difficulty mastering Japanese,” says Yukiko Shimmi, assistant professor and international education adviser at Hitotsubashi University’s Graduate School of Law in Tokyo. “Also for Korean students, their grammatical similarity helps them study in Japanese.”

On the other hand, says IIE’s Blumenthal, “China’s great success in attracting international students has come from offering full degrees in English.” But, she adds, “Many students from Korea and Japan and other parts of Asia are studying in China, and studying in Chinese, to prepare themselves for careers that will be linked to China’s booming economy.” Learning the Japanese language no longer holds such promise.

Another consideration is the classroom learning style. Students from within Asia “are willing to accept the Japanese style of teaching in traditional huge lectures where a professor is lecturing and reading,” says Blumenthal. “It’s different from the American style of education requiring students to challenge the professor.” And though many universities in China still teach in the traditional way, more Chinese professors are studying abroad and then incorporating more Western styles of instruction into their teaching upon their return.

A decade ago, inspired by venerable cultural organizations such as the British Council, Alliance Francaise and Goethe-Institut, China began subsidizing Mandarin language and Chinese culture study through the establishment of Confucius Institutes at partner universities and Confucius Classrooms at primary and secondary schools. There are now over 1,000 such programs globally, including at top-ranked universities like Stanford in the U.S., the London School of Economics, the University of Melbourne, Lomonosov Moscow State University, and Waseda here in Japan.

“The Japanese have not really stepped up and said, ‘We are going to subsidize it,’ ” says Blumenthal, referring to Japanese language study. “It’s hard for schools to decide to keep on offering Japanese when the Chinese government is offering to pay for Chinese. . . . To be realistic, the Japanese will have to subsidize it.”

As a further incentive for foreign students to study in China, Chinese universities are forging partnerships with globally renowned universities. Students can enroll in the MBA programs of Tsinghua University or Fudan University and graduate with a degree from the host school and a course certificate from the MIT Sloan School of Management, for example. These programs are taught entirely in English and in the American style.

Another route for international students and Chinese nationals alike is to matriculate at the branch campus of a Western university in China, such as New York University in Shanghai, the soon-to-be-opened Duke University site in Kunshan, or the University of Nottingham campus in Ningbo.

“Although this recently became one of the trends, it is still considered a peripheral issue,” says Hitotsubashi’s Shimmi. “So the challenge is how to make these issues part of the central mission.”

Bruce Stronach, dean of Temple University Japan, the Tokyo campus of the university based in Philadelphia, recalls that there were about 40 foreign U.S. institutions with Japan campuses in the 1980s. Most closed, he says, “because of two basic factors: faulty business plans and no real sense of mission. Their business plans really depended upon continued funding from the Japanese side, and that dried up over time in the post-bubble era. They never really designed their programs to be self-sustaining with study abroad and domestic students.

“The other thing is that although there was an attraction to developing programs in the leading country in Asia and the second leading economy in the world, few had any real sense of mission — and here’s the important part — a real sense of commitment on the home campus,” Stronach says.

China is also investing heavily in scholarships for incoming students. According to Blumenthal of the IIE, 50,000 scholarships are available annually through the China Scholarship Council, a nonprofit institution affiliated with China’s Ministry of Education. In tandem with Beijing, the U.S. is promoting the use of these scholarships by American students. In 2009, President Barack Obama announced the 100,000 Strong China initiative to increase the number of U.S. students studying in the Asian country. The Chinese government offered an initial 10,000 Bridge Scholarships just to get the program started.

Meanwhile, the already low and decreasing number of Japanese students venturing abroad for study may influence the low numbers of international students coming in, as the former act as ambassadors for Japan overseas. Between 2006 and 2010, Japan’s outgoing numbers have fallen 10 percent annually, dropping to 40,000 in 2010. Though data is not available for the years since, it is believed that the numbers have continued to fall.

In contrast, China — with an overall population 10 times that of Japan — sent 340,000 students abroad in 2011, and the number is growing, a trend that is unlikely to end anytime soon considering the aspirations of the burgeoning Chinese middle class.

To be sure, Japan is making greater efforts to send more of its students overseas on scholarships, through initiatives such the Ministry of Education’s Tobitate! Japan project, established last year. And Kyoko Shibata of the ministry’s Higher Education Bureau says efforts are being made to introduce joint degree programs and increase the number of courses taught in English.

However, alarmed by the reduced flow of students to and from Japan, the United States-Japan Conference on Cultural and Educational Interchange convened a task force last year that came up with a comprehensive 33-page document outlining specific recommendations to be put into place to halt the rot.

“The problem is that some of this will not be done and will be talked about for years,” says Blumenthal, one of the experts who advised the committee. “And, if these things don’t happen, it will be very hard for Japan to change the numbers.”

Whether projects like the recently announced Super Global Universities project, which will subsidize 37 universities’ efforts to internationalize, will make a difference remains to be seen. If all goes according to Abe’s plan, Japan will have 10 universities within the list of 100 top-ranked higher education institutions within a decade. Conversely, the worst-case scenario is that a lack of investment and initiative will leave Japanese universities lagging behind their up-and-coming competitors in emerging countries such as China.

Regardless, Japan will be forced to shift its focus and cast its net wider because incoming student numbers from China are falling, Blumenthal says, amid a “diplomatic and strategic struggle” between the two countries over issues of territory and history.

“With over 60 percent of Japan’s international students from China . . . Japan will be hard-pushed to have their total international numbers double when the largest sending country is becoming reluctant to send,” Blumenthal warns.

Source - The Japan Times

Thursday, 23 October 2014

Engineering in China - China Competes with World's Renowned Leaders in High Speed Rail

World's Longest High Speed Rail Line in China 
STATE-BACKED China CNR Corporation is making a pitch to sell its high-speed trains to California, signaling China’s growing export ambitions for such technology after building the world’s longest network in just seven years.

It marks the first concrete attempt by China to sell high-speed locomotives abroad and establish itself as a credible rival to sector leaders such as Germany’s Siemens, Canada’s Bombardier and Japan’s Kawasaki.

CNR, its unit Tangshan Railway and US-based SunGroup USA are submitting an expression of interest to California’s US$68 billion high-speed rail project for a contract to supply up to 95 trains that can travel up to 354 kilometres per hour, SunGroup said.

“We believe that high-speed rail is something that China does very well, and it’s a product that we can export across the world,” SunGroup spokesman Jonathan Sun said, adding that SunGroup, CNR and Tangshan Railway had been working together for four years.

Manufacturers are expected to send in expressions of interest by today’s deadline to the California High Speed Railway Authority, which will later issue formal requests for proposals. About a dozen firms from places such as Japan and Spain are expected to compete, it said.

California has been candid about its desire for Chinese investment in the 1,287-kilometer line from Los Angeles to San Francisco. US media reports said governor Jerry Brown met Chinese rail officials in April last year, including those from Tangshan Railway, to discuss the project.
No estimates for the contract’s value have been published, but in its 2014 business plan the California High Speed Railway Authority estimated each trainset would cost US$45 million, based on a purchase of 70 vehicles.

“We haven’t officially gone out to bid yet. This is us saying to the industry that we need trainsets. They have to meet these standards,” said Lisa Marie Alley, deputy director of public affairs at the High-Speed Rail Authority.

She added: “We’re asking: ‘Are you interested in learning more, and do you think you could do this for us?’”

China has made no secret of its desire to export its high-speed technology abroad, having built over 12,000 kilometers of track at home in less than a decade. CNR and CSR Corp are China’s largest locomotive makers, while China Railway Construction and China Railway Group build track.
The country has helped or indicated its interest to build thousands of kilometers of high-speed track in countries such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, though it has yet to sell a high-speed train abroad. Premier Li Keqiang has led a drive to promote the technology in Thailand, Britain, Russia and India.

A Chinese consortium was the only competitor to present a bid for a tender to build a 210-kilometer high-speed line in Mexico, the Mexican government said last week.

Project details published on SunGroup’s website show the consortium is putting forward the CRH380BL train, a model used on the Shanghai-Beijing line, which can travel as fast as 380kph.
Sun said an initial order would probably be about 18-20 trains and that they would open a factory to make the trains in California if they won the bid, as required by US law.

Source -

Other related articles:

1. Engineering in China - The golden age of railway in China

2. Engineering in China - China's State of The Art Engineering Goes Global

3. Double-track Railway Between China ,Thailand to Break Ground

Quick Link - Study English-medium Science, Engineering and Technology Bachelor's 
                        Degree in China

Wednesday, 22 October 2014

Why study in China in the context of Indonesian Students?

Students flood in with job prospects

By Mo Jingxi ( China Daily )

Updated: 2013-10-04

Muhammad Taajuddin Muslim is getting closer to his dream of gaining a master's in education economy and management after a year of study at Zhejiang University of Technology in Hangzhou.

"I'm eager to obtain the academic degree because it will bring me more job opportunities back home," said the student, winner of a 2011 Chinese Government Scholarship.
Indonesian teachers practice Chinese calligraphy at the Confucius Institute of Al-Azhar University in Jakarta.[JIANG FAN / XINHUA]
In recent years, a growing number of Indonesians have come to study in China because of the soaring demand for bilingual and high-tech talents in their country.

This year, about 300 Indonesians started courses at universities in Beijing, bringing the total number in the capital to 3,000.

Chinese language, international trade, international relations and high-tech majors are among the most popular for these students.

With greater economic and trade cooperation between the countries, more Chinese enterprises are investing in Indonesia and creating jobs for locals.

"Indonesia is really short of people who can use Chinese as a working language, but people in such occupations can earn more money than others," Muhammad said. "That's why I want to seize the opportunity."

Before arriving in China in 2011, Muhammad had worked for three years at the Chinese Cultural Exchange Center in Jakarta.

"My boss thought it would be better for me to improve my Chinese by studying in China, so he helped me apply for the scholarship that enabled me to be here," he said.

Chinese Indonesian Vivi Wiryadinata is a junior journalism student at Peking University, while her twin sister, Vina Wiryadinata, majors in environmental engineering at Tsinghua University.

The 20-year-old said she plans to find a job in the Chinese-language media in Indonesia after graduation.

"I interned at a Chinese newspaper in Indonesia, and I found only a few young people who knew both Chinese and journalism worked there," she said. "I think I can make some contribution with what I have learned here."

She added that science subjects at Beihang University and the China University of Petroleum have also become popular among Indonesian students, as her country has a huge demand for talents who have Chinese experience in economic development and advanced technologies.

Meanwhile, the Chinese government and universities are targeting Indonesian students with attractive programs.

Indonesian students can apply for the Chinese Government Scholarship, which covers tuition and accommodation fees, and pays an allowance.

"Both my sister and I won the 2011 scholarship," said Vivi Wiryadinata. "With the award, I do not need to pay tuition fees, which would have cost me 26,000 yuan ($4,250) a year, and I get free accommodation and a subsidy of 1,400 yuan a month."

Zhejiang University of Technology this year introduced a "Thousand Talents Plan" to provide training for 1,000 teachers and 1,000 students expected to arrive over the next five years.

"The training courses, including Chinese language, calligraphy, martial arts and computing, will be conducted in two to five weeks," said Cai Binbin, assistant to the president of Zhejiang University of Technology.

Indonesia is the sixth-largest source of foreign students in China. The number of Indonesian students in China is about 150,000, with an annual growth of more than 15 percent.

Luo Yongkun, a researcher of Southeast Asian studies at the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, said the growth in Indonesian students is a sign of a warming China-Indonesia relationship.

"People to people exchanges play a vital role in enhancing mutual understanding and trust," he said. "It lays the groundwork for consolidating the China-Indonesia strategic partnership established in 2005."

Muhammad is considering opening up an agency with his friends to provide overseas study services for Indonesians.

"The demand is rising and I think it's an option for me after graduation," he said.

Chinese President Xi Jinping talks with the students of Pusat Bahasa Mandarin at
University of Al Azhar Indonesia
Below are the statistics of International students studied in China for 2011 and 21012.

Top ten countries with most international students in China

                                                                   2011                        2012
Korea                                                            62,442                      63,488                      
United States                                              23,292                      24,583
Japan                                                            17,961                       21,126
Thailand                                                       14,145                      16,675
Vietnam                                                        13,549                      13,038   
Russian                                                         13,340                      14,971
Indonesia                                               10,957                    13,144
India                                                               9,370                       10,237
Pakistan                                                         8,516                         9,630
Kazakhstan                                                   8,287                         9,565

To know more about Indonesia students activities in Chinese universities, please visit below links:

1. Perhimpunan Pelajar Indonesia Tiongkok (PPI Tiongkok)

2. PERMIT SHANGHAI (Perhimpunan Mahasiswa dan Pelajar Indonesia di Tiongkok)

Monday, 20 October 2014

Explore China - 30 Most Beautiful Counties in China

The China Institute of City Competitiveness (CICC) released a list of the 30 most beautiful counties in China for the year 2014, with Yangshuo in Southwest China's Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region topping the list.

The 30 counties are credited for their excellence in planning and design, historical landscape, good maintenance of ancient sites, rich cultural heritage, beautiful natural scenery and the reputation of its service among the public. The CCIC committee also used 85 indicators of three levels in the comprehensive selection process.

Here is the full list:

1. Yangshuo county (阳朔县)
, Guangxi

2. Fenghuang Ancient Town 
(凤凰县古城), Hunan

3. Tonglu county 
(桐庐县), Zhejiang

4. Wuyuan county 
(婺源县), Jiangxi

Gyantse County (江孜县), Tibet

6. Daocheng county 
( 稻城县), Sichuan

7. Dunhuang county 
(炖煌), Gansu

8. Buerjin county 
(布尔津), Xinjiang

9. Libo county 
(荔波县), Guizhou

10. Xunyang county 
(旬阳县), Shaanxi

11. Taining county
(泰宁县), Fujian

12. Shou county 
(寿县), Anhui

13. Dapu county 
(大埔县), Guangdong

14. Jianshui county 
(建水县), Yunnan

15. Pingyao county 
(平遥), Shanxi

16. Zhongxiang county 
(钟祥), Hubei

17. Penglai county 
(蓬莱), Shandong

18. Siyang county 
(泗阳县), Jiangsu

19. Tengchong county 
(腾冲县), Yunnan

20. Suifenhe city 
( 绥芬河), Heilong Jiang

21. Tongren county 
(同仁县), Qinghai

22. Linjiang county 
(临江), Jilin

23. Xinglong county 
(兴隆县), Hebei

24. Xinbin county 
(新宾县), Liaoning

25. Yanqing county 
(延庆县), Beijing

26. Weishan county 
(微山县), Yunnan

27. Anxi county 
(安溪县), Fujian

28. Kangding county 
(康定县), Sichuan

29. Shangcheng county 
(商城县), Henan

30. Duolun county (多伦县), Inner Mongolia

No 1 - Yangshuo in Guangxi tops the list of the 30 most beautiful counties in China for

the year 2014 released by China Institute of City Competitiveness. [Photo/IC]
No 2 - Fenghuang Ancient Town in Central China's Hunan province ranks second among the 30 most beautiful

 counties in China for the year 2014 released by China Institute of City Competitiveness. [Photo/IC]
No 3. - Tonglu county, Zhejiang

No 4 - Photo taken on Jan 19,2013 shows the scene at dawn after a rainfall in Shicheng village, Wuyuan county,

East China's Jiangxi province. Wuyuan ranked fourth among the 30 most beautiful counties in China for the year

2014 released by China Institute of City Competitiveness. [Photo/Xinhua]

No 5 - Gyantse County, Tibet

No 6 - Daocheng, a county in the Southwest of Sichuan province, is mainly inhabited by Tibetans. Surrounded 

by snow mountains and forests, Daocheng is often referred to as "the last pure land in our blue planet." The 

county ranked sixth among the 30 most beautiful counties in China for the year 2014 released by China Institute 

of City Competitiveness[Photo/Xinhua]

No 7 - Tourists riding on camels visit the scenic spot of the Mingsha Mountain in Dunhuang city, Northwest

China's Gansu province, July 13, 2014. Dunhuang ranked seventh among the 30 most beautiful counties in

China for the year 2014 released by China Institute of City Competitiveness. [Photo/Xinhua]

No 8 - Buerjin county, Xinjiang

9. Libo county, Guizhou

10 - Xunyang county, Shaanxi

No 15 - Tourists visit Pingyao County in North China's Shanxi province, Aug 1, 2014. Pingyao is among the 30

most beautiful counties in China for the year 2014 released by China Institute of City Competitiveness.

No 19 - Photo taken on Apr 16, 2013 shows the scenery of the ancient townlet Heshun in Tengchong county,

Southwest China's Yunnan province. Tengchong is among the 30 most beautiful counties in China for the year

2014 released by China Institute of City Competitiveness. [Photo/Xinhua]
No 23 - Tourists drift down a stream on Honghe River in Dashuiquan Township of Xinglong county, North

China's Hebei province, Aug 27, 2014. Xinglong is among the 30 most beautiful counties in China for the year

2014 released by China Institute of City Competitiveness. [Photo/Xinhua]
No 26 - A street is seen in Weishan county, Southwest China's Yunnan province, April 18, 2011. Weishan is

among the 30 most beautiful counties in China for the 
year 2014 released by China Institute of City

Competitiveness. [Photo/Xinhua] 

No 28 - Photo taken on Oct 16, 2013 shows the autumn scenery of Mugecuo, a lake in Kangding county, Southwest

 China's Sichuan province. Kangding is among the 30 most beautiful counties in China for the year 2014 released

by China Institute of City Competitiveness. [Photo/Xinhua]

                                                                  29. Shangcheng county, Henan 

                                                             30. Duolun county, Inner Mongolia 

Source - China Daily

Saturday, 18 October 2014

15 college majors with the highest unemployment rates in China

The worst nightmare of most college students is to graduate without a jobAnd the college major that they select can actually affect their chances of getting stuck in an unemployment line.
So which college majors are the least competetive in terms of employment rates in ChinaHere is the list provided by the Ministry of Education in 2012 and 2013.
1. Nutrition and Food Hygiene

2. Biological Science

 3. Tourism Management

4. Social PE Guidance and Management

 5. Marketing

6. Animation

7. Intellectual Property

8. Broadcasting and TV Directing

 9. Performance

10. Art and Design

11. Broadcasting and Hosting Arts

12. Music Performance

 13. E-Commerce

 14. Economics and Trade

15. Public Management

Friday, 17 October 2014

A New University Ranking System - Value for Money Approach

There have been many rankings of universities around the world that mainly focused on quality of academic, research paper, teaching staff and facilities and etc. A new university ranking approach is being used now to gauge the performance of universities in United Stated of America using "Value for Money" criteria. And the result is shocking and a dismay to many reputable universities.

The new approach of SMI rankings are meant to highlight schools that do the best job of helping disadvantaged students graduate with the ability to start a career free of crushing levels of debt.

Five criteria determine the SMI rankings: tuition, percentage of the student body from low-income households, graduation rate, salaries of grads once they start working, and the size of each school’s endowment.

Princeton, Harvard and Yale, which are first, second and third in the U.S. News college rankings, are 360th, 438th and 440th respectively based on the SMI listings. 

Read the full story below.

Harvard is No. 438 in these college rankings
Anybody who studies lists of best colleges is used to seeing Ivy League schools and a few other elite perennials filling the top 10. But in a new list of rankings meant to identify the best colleges for lower-income students, the Ivies are closer to the bottom than the top.
Montana Tech is the No. 1 school in a new “social mobility index” generated by CollegeNet, a higher-education technology company, and Payscale, a compensation-data firm. The SMI rankings are meant to highlight schools that do the best job of helping disadvantaged students graduate with the ability to start a career free of crushing levels of debt. Five criteria determine the SMI rankings: tuition, percentage of the student body from low-income households, graduation rate, salaries of grads once they start working, and the size of each school’s endowment. Here are the top and bottom 10:
Source: CollegeNet, Payscale                                                                                                                                                            
Princeton, Harvard and Yale, which are first, second and third in the U.S. News college rankings, are 360th, 438th and 440th in the SMI listings. Some analysts welcome a different way of looking at the value colleges provide to their students. “Thinking about college as an escalator of upward mobility is a really positive step forward,” says Richard Reeves of the Brookings Institution. He and others have argued that while college clearly helps raise the living standards of those able to graduate, it also tends to calcify inequality as kids from affluent families become the only ones who can afford a good education. “Let's not just look at how good a college is,” he says, “but also look at how colleges act to increase generational mobility.”
The biggest differentiator between high-ranked schools and low-ranked ones in the SMI rankings is the price tag. Average annual tuition among the top 10 schools on the SMI list is $9,021. Among the bottom 10, it’s $42,042. Expensive schools often point out that few students pay the full freight, but still, loans and grants go a lot further toward knocking down tuition costs when the list price is $9,000 than when it’s five times as high.
Graduation rates are higher at the pricey schools near the bottom of the list than the cheaper schools near the top, with the top 10 averaging 60.3% and the bottom 10 averaging 77.4%. But that could reflect cultural factors such as rich schools’ ability to cherry-pick better students. Even so, the biggest losers in the higher-ed arms race are students who take out loans for school but fail to get a degree, since they end up bearing the cost of college without the benefit. In that regard, dropping out of a cheap school is better than leaving an expensive one, if you took on debt to pay part of the cost.

Some limitations of the study

There are limitations to the SMI rankings. The analysis covers 539 colleges but excludes hundreds of others because CollegeNet used third-party data rather than information supplied by the colleges themselves, and couldn't get data on all institutions. Future versions of the rankings should be more inclusive. And even though CollegeNet dubs its rankings a "social mobility index" -- which implies generation-to-generation improvements in living standards -- they only capture data for a given year, providing less-comprehensive analysis than the name may suggest.
Of course, when applying to college, students should also consider factors that can't be captured by rankings. Even at schools that seem like a good value, higher salaries tend to go to grads who pursue quantitative and technical studies, which means art and sociology majors may still struggle after graduating from any of the top 10 schools. At public schools, cheap tuition may be available to in-state students only, with out-of-staters having to pay considerably more. And students able to nab generous amounts of financial aid—especially grants and scholarships that don’t need to be paid back—might still be better off at the most reputable school they can get into.
But with average student debt soaring close to $30,000 per borrower, many students and their families have begun to consider the price of college an investment that’s only worthwhile if it earns a return higher than the upfront cost. The obsession with rankings tends to emphasize tiny gradations of betterness among colleges, while obscuring the whole question of value and cost-benefit analysis. The Washington Monthly recently tried to improve upon traditional college rankings by listing the 20 worst schools, calling out those with especially high tuition, low graduation rates and a high proportion of students who default on loans.

The basic message: It’s probably not worth taking out $50,000 in loans to attend a school that will leave you poorly prepared for the job market.
A college degree has become more important at the same time as it’s gotten far more expensive. Instead of making college more accessible, state budget cuts and rising tuition during the last decade or so have raised new barriers to attaining a college degree. Better-informed customers—a.k.a. students—and more tools for measuring the value of college may finally start to lower barriers that need to come down.
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